Imagine a world without chocolate. Even if you don’t like chocolate that much, a world without it would be a disaster. And by the looks of it, it might start looking that way in the near future.
According to official reports, by 2030 we would be facing a chocolate deficit of more than 2 million metric tons. What does that mean? It means that in the next 15 years the differences between the amount of worldwide production of chocolate and the amount of consumption will be dramatic. How is this possible? A few years ago two of the biggest chocolate producers in the world, Barry Callebaut and Mars Inc., realized that we eat a lot more than the cocoa industry can produce. Back in 2013 people from all over the world ate nearly 70,000 metric tons more chocolate and cocoa that the producers shipped on the market. According to the reports, in the upcoming five years these numbers could reach 1,000,000 metric tons. This means that the world will face a chocolate deficit of 1 million metric tons.
That’s why chocolate bars are becoming more expensive. One team of researchers based in Central Africa are trying to develop a GMO tree, which will produce nearly 7 times more chocolate than an average cocoa plant. Fortunately, such trees could save the industry. Unfortunately, the products won’t taste the way present day chocolate tastes.